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Medieval Times: Exploring the Middle Ages

Medieval Times: Exploring the Middle Ages

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Resumen

Medieval Times: Exploring the Middle Ages

Puntos clave

The Middle Ages was the period of time that spans from around 400 to 1450 A.D. It is usually said to begin after the collapse of the Roman Empire and it lasts until the advent of the Renaissance, in the 15th century. 


Info 1: Society

In most European countries, life was really hard for the majority of the population. Back then, society was made up of different groups, or social levels, and organized in a very strict and hierarchical way: the King was on top, followed by the barons, the knights and, at the very bottom, the serfs.


Info 2: Serfs and knights

The serfs were the lowest group in society, yet, they were the largest one; as up to 75% of medieval society were serfs. They lived in small houses and had to work on the lands for the knights and pay them taxes. Unfortunately, they could not escape, because they were not free men.


Info 3: The King and the barons

The King owned everything in the kingdom. Usually, he would give big plots of land to the barons, in exchange for money and men for his army, in order to fight battles and conquer more land.


The barons rented their lands to the knights of the army, who lived in the castle with them. The barons used to use the serfs for building castles or manor houses for them and their knights.


During wartime, there was mandatory military service. The knights had to protect the country and fight for the King's safety.


Info 4: Key vocabulary


Society: 
Sociedad
Serfs: 
Sirvientes
Army: 
Ejército
War: 
Guerra
King: 
Rey
Lands: 
Tierras
Castle: 
Castillo
Military service: 
Servicio militar
Barons: 
Nobleza
Taxes: 
Impuestos
Manor houses: 
Casas señoriales
Country: 
País
Knights: 
Caballeros
Kingdom: 
Reino
Period: 
Periodo
Safety: 
Seguridad


Inglés; Culture; 2. ESO; Medieval Times: Exploring the Middle Ages


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Preguntas frecuentes

Who was the most powerful person in the Middle Ages?

How was society organised in the Middle Ages?

Which was the lowest social group during medieval times?

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