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Parts of a plant and their functions

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Tutor: Holly

Summary

Parts of a plant and their functions

In a nutshell

Plants are very important living things. They provide food and release oxygen into the air for animals and humans to breathe in. Plants have many different features such as flowers, leaves, roots and stems.



Parts of a plant and their functions

Plants have many important features that help them survive.


  1. Flowers- Flowers are needed for reproduction. They are often coloured and have a smell to attract insects. Flowers make the pollen and eggs that are needed to produce seeds. The seeds grow into new plants.

  2. Leaves- Leaves are needed for nutrition as they make food for the plant through a process called photosynthesis. This uses sunlight, water and carbon dioxide from the air to make food.

  3. Stem- A stem is needed to hold the plant upright so it can get light. Stems also transport water and nutrients from the roots to the rest of the plant.

  4. Roots- Roots are needed for support. They keep the plant anchored in the soil and prevent it from blowing away. Roots are also needed for nutrition as they have lots of tiny root hairs that soak up water and minerals from the soil.


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FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions

Why do plants have roots?

What are the four main parts of a plant?

Why are flowers important?

What do leaves do?

Why is the stem important?

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