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Types of numbers

Types of numbers

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Summary

Types of numbers

In a nutshell

Numbers are used to represent quantities of items, and different types of numbers belong to different sets. For example, integers can be used for counting while rational numbers are better used to describe how much of a portion remains.



Identifying types of numbers


Type

Description

Example

Natural
Any positive whole number is a natural number (not including 00)​
1,2,51, 2,5​​
Integer
Any whole number is an integer (including 00)​
0,7,30,7, -3​​
Rational
Any number that can be expressed as a fraction where in its simplest form both the numerator and denominator are integers
167,13,9\dfrac{16}{7}, -\dfrac{1}{3}, 9​​
Irrational
Any number that cannot be expressed as a fraction
π,2,173\pi, \sqrt{2}, \sqrt{\dfrac{17}{3}}​​
Real
Any number is a real number
3,4,35\sqrt{3}, 4, -\dfrac{3}{5}​​
Prime
Any positive whole number that has only two factors, that being 11 and itself​
2,5,132,5,13​​
Square
Any number that can be expressed as the square of a natural number
1,4,161, 4, 16​​
Cube
Any number that can be expressed as the cube of a natural number
1,8,271, -8,27​​
Surd
Square rooted numbers and can be positive or negative
50, 346, 8\sqrt{50},\, 3\sqrt46,\, -\sqrt{8}​​


Example 1

What type of number is 8.68.6?

 8.6=8610=4358.6 = \dfrac{86}{10} = \dfrac{43}{5}


Hence as this is the simplest form and both the numerator and denominator are integers, 8.68.6 is a rational number.



Subsets of numbers

Some of the definitions of numbers overlap. For instance, 66 falls into the category of a natural number, integer, rational number and also a real number. This gives a subset order for the types of numbers which can be seen below:


Maths; Number; KS4 Year 10; Types of numbers


From the Venn diagram you can see that all natural numbers are integers, all integers are rational numbers, and all rational and irrational numbers are real.


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FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions

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