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Relative clauses and pronouns

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Summary

Relative clauses and pronouns

​​In a nutshell

Relative clauses are types of subordinate clauses. They give extra information about a noun/noun phrase and are often separated by commas.



Relative clauses

Relative clauses come straight after the noun they are giving more information about a noun/noun phrase in a sentence. This is likely to be in the middle of the sentence and might be separated by commas, as in the following example.


Example
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
The fox,
who lost his shoes,
went parachuting.


this is the relative clause
separated by commas.



Relative pronouns

Relative pronouns are the words that introduce a relative clause. The relative pronoun "who" is highlighted in bold above. Below is a full list of relative pronouns. The one you'll pick will depend on the type of person/object you're describing.


who
which
that
when
where
for a person/people
for an object/idea
for an object (or person)
for a time
for a place


Examples
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
The dog
that ate the cake
is on the bus.



English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
The school
where Rachael goes
is far away.


Remember that relative clauses might not always be embedded in the middle. They can simply be tagged on the end (separated by a comma):


English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
English; Sentences; KS2 Year 4; Relative clauses and pronouns
The fox went skydiving,
which is a dangerous activity!

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